Wet vs. Dry Dog Food
Author: Victoria Smirnova
Victoria Smirnova is a writer and editor who adores animals and helps readers get along well with their pets. While studying at the University, Victoria became interested in writing articles on different themes. Before The Pets, Viki headed several websites and worked as a news editor. Victoria has been working in digital media for more than 5 years and has great experience writing content about lifestyle, including pets.View all 27 articles Learn about our editorial process
Vet reviewed by:Dr. Kathryn Dench
by Dr. Kathryn Dench
Dr. Kathryn Dench is an experience veterinary with over 10 years' experience in small animal and exotic pet medicine. Kate qualified from Cambridge University Veterinary School in 2007. Kate has worked in a number of veterinary practices in the UK. She has extensive experience in the medical care of pet species, from dogs and cats to chickens and chameleons! In free time, Kate writes pet advice in order to ensure that owners are receiving the best possible information on how to care for their pets.View all 4 articles Learn about our veterinary review board
Updated on: 28/04/2020
When choosing the type of food for their dog, owners often cannot choose between canned and dry diets. The benefit of a ready-made commercial diet depends not on whether it is wet or dry, but the composition of the product. We can’t say that all wet foods are better than dry ones, or vice versa. Each type has its advantages. In addition, do not forget about the individual preferences of the pets themselves.
Dry and wet foods have their pros and cons — let’s try to understand them.
For optimal nutrition, the feed must contain all the necessary nutrients, microelements, and macronutrients, vitamins, and fiber. Many dry food diets that you can buy in the store are “complete diets”, or full-fledged in their composition and are suitable for the main diet of the dog. High-quality dry food consisting of 75%-85% of various sources of animal protein is definitely more nutritious than some canned foods that contain almost no protein.
Advantages of dry food
Saving. Buying and feeding your pet dry food significantly reduces costs. Dry food has an attractive price, and a standard package of high-quality, nutritious food can last a long time.
Storage. Dry food is very convenient to store. You can buy a package with a zip lock or pour dry food into a sealed storage container – and the quality of the feed will not decrease even with long-term storage. The container must be tightly closed with a lid, thus preventing air from entering. It is also much easier to take dry food with you on the road.
Balanced composition. Complete dry dog food fiets are balanced in their composition; that is, they contain all the necessary substances for dogs in the correct ratio.
Taking care of your pet’s mouth. Dry pellets of food can help to clean plaque from the teeth and maintain the health of your dog’s mouth.
A huge selection of types and manufacturers. You can easily choose a dry food that is most suitable for your pet. In addition to classic diets, there are lines for sterilized animals, for allergy sufferers, for animals with sensitive digestion and prone to various diseases, and even breed lines.
Disadvantages of dry food
The disadvantage of dry food is low moisture content. When feeding dry diets, you need to make sure that the pet uses enough liquid. For example, if a dog eats dry food but drinks very little water, the risk of dehydration and subsequent kidney or digestive problems increases.
Some people worry that feeding the same dry kibble continuously will be monotonous for their pet; however, this perspective on variety in diet is a human concept and most dogs will happily eat the dry food provided for them day-in day-out without complaint.
Wet food, which can be canned, in jars or sachets, or in the form of fresh meat, can be more appealing to dogs. The reason for this is clear and simple — a product with a natural moisture content smells stronger, and animals instinctively perceive wet food as more familiar. Therefore, they rarely need encouragement to eat wet food. Your pet will also be able to get moisture from food.
Advantages of wet food
Compliance with natural eating habits. In nature, dogs eat meat, and wet food is as close as possible to this type of food.
Maintaining water balance. Wet food increases the amount of liquid consumed per day, reducing the risk of intestinal diseases and normalizing the metabolism in your dog’s body.
High palatability. Pets love wet food in sachets and canned wet food. They smell attractive, and the meat pieces and delicious sauce can attract any dog.
Disadvantages of wet food
Short shelf life. Wet food quickly deteriorates. If the pet does not eat the entire portion and leaves part of the food in the bowl, then the remaining food will have to be thrown away. Wet food in a bowl quickly dries up, and the remains have to be thrown out immediately after eating.
Cost. Feeding wet food, especially to medium and large dogs, will cost the owner dearly. However, this depends on the size and appetite of your pet.
Necessary procedures for the pet’s mouth. Wet food, of course, cannot mechanically clean your dog’s teeth, so the owner needs to take preventive measures to preserve the health of the pet’s mouth.
Balance. Many wet foods are complementary, rather than complete, feeds, meaning they do not have the correct nutritional balance to be the main diet of your pet. These foods should serve as an additional, rather than the main food for the dog. This is also true of raw meat diets, which should be properly researched and the recommended supplements added, because meat on its own does not provide all the micronutrients needed by your pet.
Because ready-made food is presented in two types: dry and wet, you can diversify your pet’s diet.
How to feed a mixed diet
Mixing dry food and wet food in your pet’s diet can be done in several ways:
The first option:
- First feeding: dry and then wet food.
- Second feeding: dry and then wet food.
- First feeding: only dry food.
- Second feeding: wet food.
Whichever method you choose, it is important to calculate correctly how much food to give your dog, to avoid either under-nutrition or obesity. Complete diets, whether wet or dry, will have daily feeding guidelines on the packaging, based on your dog’s weight. If you plan to mix wet and dry food, for example half wet and half dry, then the dog should get half the daily allowance of each type of food each day. Obesity in dogs causes a range of health conditions in dogs, some of which can be very serious, so controlling our dogs food intake is a key role in responsible dog ownership.
Proper nutrition is the foundation of your pet’s health and well-being, and you need to plan your diet with proper responsibility. Understanding the pros and cons of dry and wet food, each owner will be able to organize feeding in a way that is convenient to themselves and of benefit to the pet.
Feeding food from a human table is not recommended for several reasons. Firstly, it establishes bad habits in your pet, who will associate your family eating with receiving “tid-bits”. Secondly, it is hard to measure the calorie content of table scraps accurately, and even modest sharing of human food can directly lead to obesity in our pets because of excess calorific intake. Thus feeding human food has more disadvantages for the health of our dogs than the most modest prepared food.
The task of each dog owner is to choose the right food and diet for their pet according to their individual needs and physiology. If you are in doubt about your choice of diet, you can consult a veterinarian about the correct feeding of your dog.
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