Saltwater Fish For Beginners

  • By:

    Alina Andreeva
    Alina Andreeva

    Author: Alina Andreeva

    Alina Andreeva is a writer, editor, and pet-lover. She has published over 20 articles on how to care for pets properly. Alina has been writing articles for 3 years, so she has considerable experience in this niche. Her natural curiosity helps her to expand her knowledge and learn new pet care life hacks, which will make your life much easier.

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  • Updated on: 26/05/2020

Looking after a pet can be extremely rewarding, and a well-balanced, vibrant, eye-catching aquarium can also be a calming influence within your home. Bringing the life and colors of the sea to your own living room is a very unique experience, but it can be daunting. When it comes to saltwater aquariums, it is important to know exactly how to balance the saltwater levels, clean the tank, and choose the right fish. Luckily for you, we have written a handy guide for all things saltwater.

clown fish saltwater fish for beginner@armoredsaint on Unsplash

Which types of fish can go in a saltwater aquarium?

There are plenty of different types of fish that can be housed within a saltwater aquarium, but always do your research before adding them. The most important thing is to check that they can survive and thrive in saltwater, before ensuring the balance of salt to water is correct. We have listed some of the most popular varieties of saltwater fish below:

  • Clownfish
  • Coral Beauty Angelfish
  • Flame Angelfish
  • Lawnmower Blenny
  • Auriga Butterflyfish
  • Racoon Butterflyfish
  • Dragonettes
  • Mandarin fish
  • Gobies
  • Sand Sifting Gobies
  • Shrimp Gobies
  • Tangs
  • Green Chromis
  • Longnose Hawkfish
  • Royal Gramma Basslet
  • Big Eye Black Bar Soldierfish
  • Watchman Gobies
  • Chalk Bass
  • Dottyback
  • Firefish
  • Talbot’s Damsel
  • Mollies
beginner salwater fish@victor217 / FreePik

What is the easiest saltwater fish to take care of?

There are a number of friendly and easy saltwater fish to start with when embarking on your aquarium journey. However, the three we would recommend as the easiest to deal with are Clown Fish, Tangs, and Mollies. Clownfish are very easy to take care of, tangs are very resilient and can cope with your learning process, while mollies can survive in fresh and saltwater, putting less pressure on immediately perfect balancing.

What is the best beginner saltwater fish?

Saltwater fish are often regarded as far higher maintenance pet choices than their freshwater brothers and sisters. Keeping the tank clean and the water balanced can take a lot of practice and dedication, but there are ways you can ease the pressure on yourself. One handy way to walk before run is to invest in beginner saltwater fish, ultimately the ones that are easiest to take care of. Here is our comprehensive list of the best beginner fish to add to your saltwater aquarium:

  • Tangs – These fish are extremely resilient, as well as stunning to look at, so they can withstand any teething problems you suffer at the beginning.
  • Watchman Goby – They are easy to find in pet shops and not fussy when it comes to food.
  • Chalk Bass – These fish resist illness better than most, as well as being generally resilient creatures. This makes it easier for you to learn the process.
  • Damselfish – These species require only 30 gallons of water, meaning you can start small.
  • Dottyback – Another type of fish happy to swim around in 30 gallons, and they can add a splash of color to your tank.
  • Firefish –  They play well with others and are happy to eat most things.
  • Talbot’s Damsel – They control the algae levels in the tank and can be purchased in most places.
  • Mollies – Can live in fresh or saltwater, meaning that there is less pressure on getting the balance right first time with Mollies.

Are clownfish good for beginners?

Finding Nemo himself! These are among the most popular fish pets for a reason, they are extremely easy to take care of. If you are looking for the most easy-going sub-species of clownfish then opt for the False Percula. Not only are clownfish themselves easy to find in pet shops, but the dry pellets and frozen food they like to munch on is also readily available. Therefore, you won’t be running around town or scouring the internet for any rare sources of food. In terms of adding a bit of life to your tank, clownfish are not ones to hide as much as some species, meaning they add a lot to your saltwater community.

clown fish saltwater fish for beginners@sebaspenalambarri / Unsplash

Are saltwater aquariums hard to maintain?

Saltwater aquariums are usually more expensive than their freshwater alternatives, as well as being more time-consuming to maintain with extra equipment, water changes, and special lighting. However, it is not as difficult to maintain a saltwater aquarium as some may think, plus you get rewarded with a vast array of bright and colorful aquatic species to choose from. When maintaining a saltwater fish tank, you should ensure that the temperature of the water remains between 23 and 28 degrees Celsius or 73 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit. Next up, the salinity, or amount of salt in the water, should be kept at between 34 and 37 parts per 1,000 units of water, so stick as close to that as possible in order for your fish to thrive. You should also test the pH level to be sure. Finally, ensure that you regularly clean the tank, rehousing to fish as you do so. As well as the tank itself, you should invest in a special filter and lighting system, if the tank does not come with them already fitted. The aim of the game is to keep the conditions of the tank and water as close to their natural habitat as possible. However, do not be put off, there is no reason why a beginner cannot start with a saltwater aquarium.

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